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  首页 >> 服务支持 >> 技术文章 >> 90Plus测量应用案例-2016-47
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90Plus测量应用案例-2016-47
[ 发布时间:2018-08-17 | 浏览数:1000 ]

     

文献名: Application of the surface potential data to elucidate interfacial equilibrium at ceria/aqueous electrolyte interface

 

作者 

Danijel Namjesnik, Sanela Mutka, Damir Ivekovi?, Andreja Gajovi?, Marc Willinger, Tajana Preo?anin

 

摘要:Interfacial properties of ceria (CeO2) nanoparticles and highly organized ceria crystal planes {111} and {100} in the aqueous electrolyte solution were studied. It was confirmed by high resolution electron spectroscopy that a primary ceria nanoparticle consists mostly of two crystal planes {111} and {100} with different surface sites exposed to the aqueous electrolyte solution. Interfacial properties of ceria nanoparticles are directly related to the reactivity and surface densities of existing surface sites. However, surface characterization (potentiometric titrations and electrophoretic measurements) provides only some kind of average surface properties i.e. average surface charge densities and surface potentials. The point of zero charge (pHpzc) of ceria nanoparticles was measured to be between 6.4 and 8.7, depending on the electrolyte concentration, and the isoelectric point at pHiep = 6.5. With the purpose of understanding ceria nanoparticles surface charging the inner surface potentials of ceria macro crystal planes {111} and {100} were measured for the first time, by means of single crystal electrodes, as a function of pH and ionic strength. The inner surface potential directly affects the state of ionic species bound to a certain surface plane and is thus an essential parameter governing interfacial equilibrium. From the measured Ψ0(pH) data and applying the Multi Site Complexation Model the thermodynamic equilibrium constants of doubly-coordinated Ce2-OH (at the {100} ceria crystal plane) as well as singly-coordinated Ce1-OH and triply-coordinated Ce3-OH (at the {111} ceria crystal plane) were evaluated. The Ψ0(pH) function differs for two examined ceria planes, however the inner surface potentials of both planes depend on ionic strength having a broad electroneutrality region between pH = 6 and pH = 9.

 

关键词:CeriaNanoparticlesSingle crystalSurface propertiesInner surface potentialSurface complexationMUSIC model

 


 

 
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